Why India rejected the word ‘Secular’?

Dear friends, I am back with another post on constitutionalism, law, and polity. Many of you might know that the word 'secular' got added to the preamble of the Indian constitution by an amendment in 1976. Does that mean India was not secular before 1976? You might wonder then why this word found no mention …

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Free Speech in India-World’s Largest Democracy

Do you have freedom of speech and expression in your country? If Yes, then to what extent? Are there too many restrictions on free speech or a very few if at all? Are hate and subversive speech part of free speech? You want to know where your country stands in terms of free speech and …

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Positivism or Naturalism? Hart v Fuller

Positivists believe in 'law as it is' without pondering much over what it 'ought to be'. They draw a distinction between law and morality and that former belongs to the realm of 'is' and the latter to the realm of 'ought'. Naturalists, on the other hand, focus more on the content of the law and …

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Reasonable or Proportionate?

Article 19(1) of the Indian Constitution enlists the various freedoms guaranteed to Indian citizens. These freedoms include freedom of speech and expression; to assemble peaceably and without arms; to form associations or unions; to move freely throughout the territory of India; to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India and to …

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