Islam condemns dictatorship, monarchy and hereditary succession in the matters of governance and Stately functions. Instead, it upholds a form of government based on mutual consultation and consensus. It is more than just electoral democracy that we see around us in many countries where there exist lots of manipulations in the name of democracy. Many times governments are formed by sheer manipulation of voters or the electoral college. Sometimes they even manipulate even their constitutional provisions through undesirable amendments under the vagaries of momentary political shortsightedness. As opposed to this, a government based on Islam functions in accordance with the book of Allah that excellently propounds the rights, liabilities, equity and justice for all as mandated by the creator Almighty. It is a Supreme Guide confirmed and sanctioned by the Almighty which cannot be amended. Duly elected Legislatures are to legislate on all worldly matters but within the confines of the mandate of the Quran. And the mandate of Quran is based on the most sublime concepts of justice and equity and which protects the interest of all as compared to man-made norms that are often reflective of the class and other selfish interests of their creators and who are often carried away by majoritarian impulses or their other whims and fancies. As opposed to this the government based on Islam abides by the norms laid down by the creator Almighty. In case there are differences over the mandate of the Quran or other matters, the decision has to be taken in good faith through consultation and consensus.
Those who hearken to their Lord, and establish regular Prayer; who (conduct) their affairs by mutual Consultation; who spend out of what We bestow on them for Sustenance; And those who, when an oppressive wrong is inflicted on them, (are not cowed but) help and defend themselves. The recompense for an injury is an injury equal thereto (in degree): but if a person forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is due from Allah: for (Allah) loveth not those who do wrong.Al Quran 42:38-40
And in anything over which you disagree – its ruling is to be referred to Allah . [Say], “That is Allah, my Lord; upon Him I have relied, and to Him I turn back.”Al-Quran 42:10
It is Allah Who has sent down the Book in Truth, and the Balance (by which to weigh conduct). And what will make thee realise that perhaps the Hour is close at hand?Al-Quran 42:17
To be continued…