Atul Depak

Law Student, New Delhi


Islamic Brotherhood is based not on immobile and rigid parameters of race, caste, bloodline, background, place of origin, etc but on the unassailable pillars of Imaan, faith, and belief. Anyone regardless of his race, caste or background can become part of this brotherhood. And Muslims are more than happy in inviting non-Muslims to be a part of this brotherhood. In fact, this is their religious obligation. And the power of this faith/belief-based brotherhood in Islam is recognized by non-Muslims and the elites amongst them sometimes fear its powerful proselytic tendencies which disturb their dominant status-quo. Holy Quran strictly prohibits any kind of division, discord, discrimination, and resentment amongst Muslims. A Muslim is supposed to treat other Muslims as he/she would treat his/her own kith and kin and it is akin to an article of faith in Islam which he/she is never supposed to violate. Pledging loyalty to this brotherhood is inscribed not only in the holy books but also is a part and parcel of daily prayers. A Muslim is required to pray fives times a day and no prayer is complete without ‘Tashahhud’ in which he/she prays for the well being of all other Muslims and by standing shoulder to shoulder they take the pledge of loyalty to each other and of equality and fraternity on a daily basis. All of this has been beautifully reflected and enshrined in the verses of the Quran and sayings of the Holy Prophet (s).

  • Al-Quran 49:10- The Believers are but a single Brotherhood: So make peace and reconciliation between your two (contending) brothers; and fear Allah, that ye may receive Mercy.
  • Al-Quran 3:103 Hold firmly to the rope of Allah all together and do not become divided. Remember the favor of Allah upon you, when you were enemies and he brought your hearts together and you became brothers by his favor.
  • Al-Quran 9:71 The believing men and believing women are allies of one another. They enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and establish prayer and give charity and obey Allah and His Messenger..”
  • Al-Quran 49:11 O you who have believed, let not a people ridicule [another] people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let women ridicule [other] women; perhaps they may be better than them. And do not insult one another and do not call each other by [offensive] nicknames. Wretched is the name of disobedience after [one’s] faith. And whoever does not repent – then it is those who are the wrongdoers.
  • Al-Quran 49:12 O you who have believed, avoid much negative assumptions. Indeed, some assumption is sin. And do not spy or backbite each other. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his brother when dead? You would detest it. And fear God; indeed, God is accepting of repentance and merciful
  • Al-Quran 59:10 Our Lord! forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in faith and put not in our hearts any resentment toward those who have faith. Our Lord, you are kind and merciful.
  • Riyadh-as-Saliheen by Imam Al-Nawawi, Volume 2, Hadith number 233 Messenger of Allah said- A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. He should not wrong him nor surrender him to his enemy.” 
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Hadith no. 5718 Messenger of Allah said- “Do not hate each other, do not envy each other, do not turn away from each other, but rather be servants of Allah as brothers. It is not lawful for a Muslim to boycott his brother Muslim for more than three days.”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari Volume 3, Book 43, Hadith 622- “A Muslim is a brother of another Muslim, so he should not oppress him, nor should he hand him over to an oppressor. Whoever fulfilled the needs of his brother, Allah will fulfill his needs; whoever brought his (Muslim) brother out of a discomfort, Allah will bring him out of the discomforts of the Day of Resurrection, and whoever screened a Muslim, Allah will screen him on the Day of Resurrection.”
  • Sahih Bukhari Vol. 3, Book 43, Hadith 624 Allah’s Messenger (s) said, “Help your brother, whether he is an oppressor or he is an oppressed one. People asked, “O Allah’s Messenger! It is all right to help him if he is oppressed, but how should we help him if he is an oppressor?” The Prophet said, “By preventing him from oppressing others.
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 2, Number 9 The Prophet said, “A Muslim is the one who avoids harming Muslims with his tongue and hands. And a Muhajir (emigrant) is the one who gives up (abandons) all what Allah has forbidden.” 
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 2, Number 10Some people asked Allah’s Apostle, “Who is a very good Muslim?” He replied, “One who avoids harming the Muslims with his tongue and hands.” 
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 2, Number 12 The Prophet said, “None of you will have faith till he wishes for his (Muslim) brother what he likes for himself.” 
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 70: Narrated ‘Abdullah: Allah’s Apostle said, “Abusing a Muslim is Fusuq (i.e., an evil-doing), and killing him is Kufr (dis- belief).” 
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 91: Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah’s Apostle said, “Do not hate one another, and do not be jealous of one another, and do not desert each other, and O, Allah’s worshipers! Be brothers. Lo! It is not permissible for any Muslim to desert (not talk to) his brother (Muslim) for more than three days.”